CERVANTES: A Quixotic Quest with Flamenco

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CERVANTES: A Quixotic Quest with Flamenco

abril 17, 2017 @ 6:00 pm - 8:30 pm

free

                           CERVANTES INSTITUTO ALBUQUERQUE

         PRESENTS

                                        CERVANTES: A Quixotic Quest with Flamenco 

 

This song is from Cervantes’ poem, “Bailan las Gitanas,” well before the genesis of flamenco and the identification of the gypsies (gitanos) of Andalusia as an outcast class of society. Ironically, the prevailing romantic ideal of nomadic life is evidenced in this poem because the queen is full of jealousy for the freedom and passion of the gypsy girl. The rhythm of this song is tango (ngo), African in origin, as is the fandango, a style you will hear later. Its melody was originally played on the oud, not the guitar.

Flamenco is a relatively new music genre from the 19th century, springing from the European Romantic movement. It has been highly influenced by the many diverse cultures/musical styles/and instruments of the Mediterranean region. Its initial cultural impact was via the power of the voice, as in all oral traditions, and later was to be marked by three elements: rhythm; melody; harmony.

1. OVERVIEW OF TONIGHT’S PRESENTATION: The Effect of Curiosity

2. We know that evolution has occurred through innate human and animal curiosity which morphs to creative ways of problem solving. In your future you will be required to utilize both of these attributes (curiosity and creativity) in your work, relationships and studies, which we hope will be life-long! Which leads us to explore the relevance of:

3. Relevance of D. Miguel De Cervantes. Known today as the first modern novel and Cervantes as the “man who invented fiction” for its unique presentation of the fantastical mind of a fantastical character – Don Quixote – as he attempts to make real his visions and ideals.  We will present Cervantes’ self portrait in two artistic forms utilizing his own words.

       * Autorretrato (bulerias):

A. A Self-Portrait in Contemporary Contest: Video

Crippled, graying, with a discernible stutter and almost toothless, Cervantes is self-described  in this edgy, contemporary compliment to Fernando’s composition. The video was created by David Zerep, who graduated last year from the Belles Artes University in Granada,  Spain.                          

                          B. Hearing the inherent musicality in verse or text. Fernando’s expertise is in revealing the inherent musicality in the language and poetry of his native Spain, particularly Cervantes, Lorca, Jimenez and  Machado

SECOND SONG: “Autorretrato”

              

4. Presentation of Quixote in English with Illustrations from our book; our book was one of the first in the 1700’s. It is an ideal example of artistic inspiration and collaboration. The first publication in English was in 1612 for volume 1 and 1620 for volume 2. Original Spanish editions were in 1605 and 1615.

+ Translation by CHARLES JARVIS of England

+  Illustrations: 700 remarkable etchings, some of which are on the screen now, are by TONY JOHANNOT of France

+ As a stellar example of the evolution of language, our title tonight is taken from a word formed from Cervantes’s title: QUIXOTIC – both a verb and an adjective!

THIRD SONG: “Coplee usted Don Quijote” (fandango, malagueñas)

A Lament:     “Ha perdido el reino. . .” – “He has lost the kingdom. . .”

The malagueñas were sweet songs hidden and protected for centuries by the muslims in the mountains of southern Spain and serve as inspiration for a form of flamenco dance we know today.

5. “CARDENIO”: An Artistic Metamorphosis with Shakespeare

Surprisingly there was another artistic metamorphosis to be found in the theater of Shakespeare. Not only did Cervantes and Shakespeare die within a day of each other 400 years ago last April, Shakespeare read “Don Quixote” and was inspired (!) to write a play based on one of Cervantes’ characters: Cardenio. This was one of his last six plays, three of which are set on the perilous seas, including “The Tempest” and three are set in magical lands, including “Cardenio,” considered by some to be second only to “Romeo and Juliet as penultimate romantic theater. It is complete with betrayal, manipulation, and entanglements; in the course of the play we are witness to suicide by sword, a ghost rising and speaking, sexual molestation of a corpse, poisoning by a kiss, a royal crowning of a spirit known as the Queen of Silence; and in the end –

FIVE DEAD CHARACTERS ON THE STAGE!

FOURTH SONG: “Soneto de Cardenio” (colombiana)

from chapter 23 of Don Quixote

6. “ALTISIDORA” a very long poem en chapters 44-46. It features a caballero (our hero!), who overhears the desires of Altisidora and thinks the longing is about him! Alas, his heart belongs to Dulcinea, but he sees himself as a joven and, therefore, naturally desirable (!) who wants to be the object of affection. Altisidora, of course, is not seeing him this way and wants only to be the object of a different suitor’s desire. A comical turn true to our hero’s delusions. It is presented in guajiras and tango styles and will be followed by the “Tangos de Granada.”

FIFTH SONG: “Altisidora” (guajiras)

SIXTH SONG: “Tangos de Granada” para Altisidora

7. “Epitaph of Don Quixote and Dulcinea” As you have observed , Carlos has changed instruments throughout our presentation, based on Fernando’s compositions or the era from which a melody originated.  He is inventing a new method whereby he is adapting flamenco for the oud. Our simple overview of “Don Quixote” ends with an ancient Sephardic lullaby (a durme), which evolves into flamenco style.

SEVENTH SONG: new music composed by Fernando

8. Thank you to DON ANASTASIO SANCHEZ ZAMORANO of the Instituto Cervantes and to the staff of the National Hispanic Cultural Center for hosting us tonight!

EIGHTH SONG: Vidalita del Mozo de Mulas

FINALLY –

From Ken Robinson, himself a British, a tilting-at-windmills educative revolutionary, here is a little story about perception, creativity and curiosity: tell anecdote of the little girl drawing a picture of God. We end with the Tangos Bailan las Gitanas.”

REPERTORIO MUSICAL

  1. Bailan las Gitanas.  (tangos con la canción “la Tarara” con Ud.) oud
  2. Autorretrato flamenco de Cervantes. (bulerias) Guitarra sin cejilla. guitar
  3. Coplee usted D. Quixote: abandolaos. (malagueña y fandango con UD, Sol flamenco) oíd
  4. Soneto de Cardenio. (colombianas)  Guitarra cejilla 8. guitar
  5. Guajiras del romance de altisidora. (guajiras sin cejilla) guitar
  6. Tangos de Granada.Guitarra sin cejilla, toque por arriba. guitar
  7. Epitafio a D. Quixote y a Dulcinea. (Sephardic to flamenco style   -duerme) oud
  8. Vidalita del Mozo de Mulas guitar
  9. Tangos Bailan las Gitanas. guitar

Organizadores

Instituto Cervantes of Albuquerque
National Hispanic Cultural Center

2019 PERFORMANCES

                 

Metamorphic Transformation

Observing metamorphic transformations in nature allows us to extrapolate that method to humans and the arts. That is to say, the foundational substance becomes a supporting substance retained in the new identity. These essential elements are absorbed, now invisible to the observer, while the transformed form creates a stunning awareness of the new.

Likewise, our compositions make use of a similar pattern of creative mutation, if you will. We begin with folk songs that poet Federico Garcia Lorca chose, rescued from oblivion, transcribed for the piano and performed in various venues. Following a trajectory of revealing hidden elements, we submit them to an unexpected metamorphic process. The melodic essences of the old songs are those that give musical meaning to different poems that Lorca wrote.

Additionally, in his short life, he created diverse artistic works, including poetry, music, and literature. He also created formidable works for the theater, while also embracing other mediums such as painting. His contemporaries and artistic collaborators included Joan Miro and Salvador Dali.

«Lorca in the Keys of Hands and Voice,” a concert conceived and presented by Adam Kent and Fernando Barros, is a musical innovation inspired by Lorca’s example. Lorca collected melodies from the Spanish folklore repertoire and transcribed them for the piano using two different concepts: 1) adapting the old melodies to various of his poem, as for example, ANDA JALEO to the poem «Preciosa y el Aire”; and 2) singing the old songs using the expressive, emotive characteristics inherent in flamenco music.

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